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Botany

Myeik University

Department of Botany

Faculty Members

Dr.Khin Hla Win (Botany)

Dr.Khin Hla Win

Professor / Head of Department

Department of Botany

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Curriculum

UNIVERSITY OF YANGON

DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY

Curriculum & Syllabus for Master Degree

(Botany Specialization)

 

     Semester I.   Fundamental Course

Module No.

Name of Module

Hours per Week

Credit Points

Lecture

Practical/ Seminar

Bot. 611

Evolutionary Survey of Plant Kingdom

4

2

4

Bot. 612

Principle of Taxonomy

4

2

4

Bot. 613

Cell Biology, Embryology and Morphogenesis

4

2

4

Bot. 614

Molecular Genetics, Evolution and Biostatistics

4

2

4

Total

16

8

16

 

Module No. Bot. 611             Evolutionary Survey of Plant Kingdom

(Survey of the Non-vascular & Vascular Plants)

 

Algae, Bryophyte, Pteridophyte, Fern & Fern Allies, Gymnosperms.

References

 

  1. Robert F. Seagel and Robert J. Bandoni (1968) An Evolutionary Survey of the Plant Kingdom.
  2. 2.      Sporne K. R. The Morphology of Pteridiphytes (The structure of Fern & Allied Plants)
  3. Foster and Gifford (1974) Comparative Morphology of Vascular Plants.
  4. Gilbert M. Smith (1979) Cryptogamic Botany 2nd. Edition Vol. I & II

 

Module No. Bot. 612             Principles of Taxonomy

 

Principles, Nomenclature, comparative Morphology, The First Flowering Plants.

 

References

 

  1. Albert E. Radford (1974) Vascular Plant Systematics.
  2. Samuel B. Jones. Jr. (1987) Plant Systematics.
  3. International Code of Botanical Nomenclature (1974)
  4. Armen Takhatajan (1969) Flowering Plants-Origin and Dispersal.
  5. Aaron Goldberg (1989) Classification, Evolution and Phylogeny of the Families of Monocotyledons.
  6. Aaron Goldberg (1989) Classification, Evolution and Phylogeny of the Families of Dicotyledons.
  7. Arthur Cronquist (1988) An Integrated System of Plant Classification.

 

Module No. Bot. 613             Cell Biology, Embryology, Morphogenesis

 

Introduction, Composition of Cell Membrane, Structure of Cell Membrane, Properties of Specific Cell Membranes, The Cell Nucleus, The Primary Cell Wall, Isolation of Bacterial DNA, Morphogenesis, Embryology.

 

References

  1. James Bonner, Joseph E. Varner (1976) Plant Biochemistry. Third Edition.
  2. Seymour Fogel (1955) Great Experiments in Biology.
  3. Jack D. Bruke. PhD (1970) Cell Biology.
  4. De Robertis Nowinski-Saze (1965) Cell Biology.
  5. P. Maheshwari (1950) An Introduction to the Embryology of Angiosperms.
  6. Foster and Gifford (1973) Comparative Morphology of Vascular Plants.
  7. Edmund W. Sinnott (1960) Plant Morphogenesis.

 

Module No. Bot. 614             Molecular Genetics, Evolution Biostatistics

 

Introduction and Brief History, Classical Biochemistry and Genetics, Chromosomes and Chromosome Theory, Chromosome and Genes, Merging of Molecular Genetics, Gene Encoding Enzymes, Nucleus and Structural Component, Biological Array for Genetics Materials, Function of Nucleic Acid, The Expression of Genes: Protein Synthesis, Evolution, Biostastistics.

References

 

  1. Albert et. al. (1987) Molecular Biology of Cell.
  2. Darnell, et. al. (1986) Molecular Cell Biology.
  3. Freifelder (1987) Molecular Biology.
  4. Ben Jamin Lewin (1987) Genes III.
  5. Srtickberger (1985) Genetics.
  6. Spiegel, M. R. (1961) Theory and Problems of Statistics. Shaum’s Outline Series.
  7. Sokal R. R. Rohlf (1973) Introduction to Biostatistics. W. H. Freeman, San Francisco.
  8. Gottachalk (1986) Polyploidy and its role in the Evolution of Higher Plants. In Chromosomes and Cell Genetics (Edited by Sharma, AK & Sharma. A.) Gordon & Breach Science. Publishers. New York.
  9. Wagner, R. P., Judd, B, H., Sanders, B. G. and Richardsoy. R. H. (1980) Introduction to Modern Genetics. John Wiley & Sons.
  10. Haynes, R. M. (1979) Statistics. In Environmental Science Methods.
  11. Naimam et. al (1972) Understanding Statistics. McGraw-Hill, Inc., USA.

 

 

 

 

 

UNIVERSITY OF YANGON

DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY

Curriculum & Syllabus for Master Degree

(Botany Specialization)

 

     Semester II.  Elective Course

Module No.

Name of Module

Hours per Week

Credit Points

Lecture

Practical/ Seminar

Bot. 621

Environmental Science

4

2

4

Bot. 622

Myanmar Medicinal Plants / Ethnobotany

4

2

4

Bot. 623

Plant Microbiology / Economic  Botany / Biomass Studies

4

2

4

Bot. 624

Plant Biochemistry / Plant Physiology / Plant Propagation

4

2

4

Total

16

8

16

 

Module No. Bot. 621             Environmental Science

 

Introduction, Population, Community, Ecosystem, Forest Ecosystem and Management, Aquatic Ecosystem and Management, Soil and Soil Management.

 

References

 

  1. Audesirk, G. and T. Audesirk (1989) Biology: Life on Earth. 2nd. Edition, Macmillan Publishing Co., N. Y.
  2. Hutchinson, G. E. (1975) Treatisc on Limnology. Vol. 1-3 John Wiley & Sons, Inc., USA.
  3. Owen, O. S. (1980) Natural Resource Conservation: An Ecological Approach. 4th Edition, Macmillan Publishing Co., N.Y.
  4. Verma, P. S. and V. K. Agarmal, (1983) Cell Biology, Genetics, Evolution and Ecology: S. Chand & Co. Ltd., Ram Nagar, New Delhi, India.
  5. Verma V., (1991) A Textbook of Plant Ecology, 4th Edition, Emkay Publication New Delhi, India.
  6. Waring, R. H. and W. H. Schlesinger, (1985) Forest Ecosystem: concepts and management, Academic Press, Inc., Orlando, Florida.
  7. Kupchella, C. E. and M. C. Hyland, (1993) Environmental Science, 2nd Ed. Alyn and Bacon, USA.
  8. Miller, G. T. (1986) Environmental Science: An Introduction Wadsworth, Publishing Co. Calif. USA.
  9. Turk, J., Turk, A., and Arms, K. (1983) Environmental Science: 3rd Ed. Saunders College Publishing, USA.

 

Module No. Bot. 622             Ethnobotany

 

Introduction, Plants and Peoples in ancient time, Ethnobotany To-day, Ethnobotanist at work in the field, Ethnobotany and Future Discovery of Drugs, Plants as the basics for material culture, Biological conservation Ethnobotany.

References

 

  1. Mechael J. Balick and Paul Alan Cox. (1996) The Science and Ethnobotany. Plants, People, and Culture. (Scientific American Library)
  2. Francis Halle, Nature Resources. The UNESCO Journal on the environment and natural resources research Vol. 32. No. 2 (1996) Discovering Traditional Tropical Phytopractises.
  3. S. K. Jain, B. K Sinha & R. C. Gupta (National Botanical Research Institute, Lucknow) (1994) Deep Publications Notable Plants in Ethnomedicine of India.
  4. Gray J. Martin (Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, UK) (1995) Ethnobotany, A methods manual.

 

OR

 

Module No. Bot. 622             Myanmar Medicinal Plants

 

Introduction, Identification of Drugs, Methods of cultivation, Collection and Preparation. The diagnostic characters of the drug, Evaluation of drugs, Myanmar Medicinal Plants.

References

 

  1. Lt. Colonel K. R, Kirtkar and Major B. D. Basu, Indian Medicinal Plants.
  2. WHO Regional Publications. Western Pacific Series No. 3, Medicinal Plants in Viet Nam.
  3. Dr. S. K. Jain (1968) Medicinal Plants.
  4. WHO Organization, Regional Office of the Western Pacific Manila, Medicinal Plants in China.

 

Module No. Bot. 623             Plant Microbiology

 

Introduction, Micro-organisms as Saprotrophs and Plant Pathogens, Microbiology of Flowers, Seeds and Fruit, Microbiology of Living Leaves, Microbiology of Stems, Microbiology of Roots, Decomposition of Plant Litter, Future Prospects for Plant Microbiology.

 

References

 

  1. Campell, R., (1985) Plant Microbiology.
  2. Atlas, R. M.,(1988) Microbiology, Fundamentals and applications.
  3. Dickinson, C. H. and Preece, T. F. (1976) Microbiology of Aerial Plant Surface. Academic Press, London, New York.

 

 

(OR)

Module No. Bot. 623             Economic Botany

 

Importance and Nature of Plant Products, Woods and Its Uses, Fibers and Fiber Plants, Rubber and Other Rubber-producing Plants, the Cereals Legumes, Vegetables, Fruits.

References

 

  1. Hill, A. F., (1952) Economic Botany.
  2. Schery, R. W., (1952) Plants for Man.
  3. Salunkhe, D. K. and B. B. Desal, (1984) Post-Harvest Biotechnology of Fruits. Vol. – 1 & 2.CRC Press, Inc., Florida
  4. Salunkhe, D. K. and B. B. Desal, (1984) Post-Harvest Biotechnology of Vegetables. Vol. – 1 & 2. CRC Press, Inc., Florida
  5. Utilization of Tropical Foods: Tropical Beans 47/4 (1989) FAO, U.N., Rome.
  6. Utilization of Tropical Foods: Tropical and Leaves 47/4 (1990) FAO, U.N., Rome.

 

(OR)

 

Module No. Bot. 623             Biomass Studies

                                               

Introduction, Limiting Environmental factor Biomass production, Photosynthetic efficiency and Biomass yield, Maintenance of Microalgal cultures, Technological aspects, Nutritional value, Edible Mushrooms, Cultivation Techniques.

References

 

  1. H. Dellweg. (1983) Biotechnology Volume III.
  2. Amos Richmond., Phototropic Microalgae.

 

 

Module No. Bot. 624             Plant Physiology

 

Plant and Water, The Ascent of Sap, Mineral Nutrition, Environmental Physiology, Stress Physiology.

References

 

  1. Frank B. Salisbury & Cleon W. Ross (1935) Plant Physiology. Third Edition.
  2. SN Pander B. K. Sinha (1982) Plant Physiology. Sixth Edition.
  3. Lubert Stryer (1981) Biochemistry. Second Edition.
  4. James Darnell, Harvey Lodish & David Baltimore (1986) Molecular Cell Biology.

 

(OR)

 

Module No. Bot. 624             Plant Propagation

Caring for House Plant, The Growth Cycle, Ligth, Temperature and Humidity, Watering, Feeding, Potting and Repotting, Pruning, Support and Training, Propagation, Providing the Right Condition, Alternative Growing Methods, Plant Health – Pest, Diagnosing the Problem, Preventing and Care.

References

  1. Reader’s digest (1983) Success with House Plan.,
  2. Kramer, Jack, (1971) Gardening and Home Landscaping.
  3. Poincelot, R. P., (1980) Horticulture; Principles and Practical Applications.
  4. Mc Daniel, G. L., (1982) Ornamental Horticulture.

(OR)

Module No. Bot.  624            Plant Biochemistry

 

Biological molecules, Enzymes and Enzymology, Energy and using metabolic energy, Applied Plant Biochemistry.

References

  1. Candlish, J. K. (1984) Lecture Notes on Biochemistry. Black Well Scientific Publication.
  2. Clark, John M. and Robert L. Switzer. (1977) Experimental Biochemistry. Freeman Co.
  3. Metzler, David E. (1977) Biochemistry. Academic Press.
  4. U Win, Dr. (1994) Advanced Biochemistry and Physiology. 3rd Year Honours. Department of Botany, University of Yangon.

 

UNIVERSITY OF YANGON

DEPARTMENT OF BOTANY

 

Curriculum & Syllabus for Master Degree

(Botany Specialization)

 

     Semester III.   Advanced Course

Module No.

Name of Module

Hours per Week

Credit Points

Lecture

Practical/ Seminar

Bot. 631

Biodiversity of Plants

4

2

4

Bot. 632

Molecular Genetics, Evolution and Biostatistics (Advanced Level)

4

2

4

Bot. 633

Fundamental Techniques in Biochemistry and Biotechnology

4

2

4

Bot. 634

Fundamental Techniques in Phytochemistry, Environmental Science, Plant Microtechnique and  Plant collection Techniques

4

2

4

Total

16

8

16

 

 

Module No. Bot. 631             Biodiversity of Plants

 

Definition of Biological Diversity, Diversity of living things, Pattern of Plant Distribution, Diversity and Ecosystem, Diversity and Resilience, Laboratory Experiments in Biodiversity, Species Interaction of Birds and Woodland Flora.

References

 

  1. Aqua Farm News Vol. XII No. 3 May – June 1994.
  2. Brain Groombridge Global Biodiversity.
  3. CBSG News Vol. 3, No. 1, P-4, 1992.
  4. E. O. Wilson., Biodiversity.
  5. FREDA (Report) National Criteria and Indicator for sustainable Forest Management.
  6. Henry S. Horn Biodiversity in the Backyard in Scientific American Vol. 368, No. 1, Jan. 1993.
  7. Ion E. Spellerberg Conservation Biology.
  8. Kathleen Courrier Global Biodiversity strategy.
  9. Michal J. Jefferies Biodiversity and Conservation.

Module No. Bot. 632             Molecular Genetics, Evolution and Biostatistics

 

Introduction, Structure of Genetic Materials and Replication, Gene expression, Manipulating DNA and Recombinant DNA, Gene Cloning, Gene Mutation, Transposable Elements in Bacteria and Mobile Elements in Eukaryotes, Evolution, Biostatistics.

References

 

  1. Albert et. al. (1987) Molecular Biology of cell.
  2. Darnell, J. et. al. (1986) Molecular Cell Biology. Scientific American Books, Inc., USA.
  3. Freifelder, D. (1987) Molecular Biology. Jones and Bartlett Publishers, Inc., USA
  4. Gardner, E. J., Simons, M. J. and Snustad, D (1991) Principles of Genetics (8th Ed.) John Wiley & Sons, NY, USA.
  5. Lewin, B (1987) Gene III. John Wiley & Sons, NY, USA.
  6. Mays, L. L. (1991) Genetics, A Molecular Approach. Macmillan Publishing Company, NY, USA.
  7. Naimam et.al.(1972) Understanding Statistics. Mc.Graw Hill Inc.,USA.
  8. Sokal, R. P. & Rohlf, F. J (1973) Introduction to Biostatistics, W. H Free man & Co., USA.
  9. Sokal, R. P & Rohlf, F. J (1981) Biometry: The Principle and Practise of Statistics in Biological Research, W. H Free man & Co., USA.
  10. Spigel, M. R (1961) Theory and Problems of Statistics, Schaum’s Outline Series.
  11. Strickberger, M. W (1985) Genetics. Macmilla Publishing Company, N. Y, USA.

Module No. Bot. 633             Fundamental Techniques in Biochemistry and Biotechnology

Introduction, The Approach to Biochemical Investigation- Whole Plant studies, Methods of Disrupting Tissues and Cells, Centrifugation Techniques, Chromatographic Techniques, Electrophoresis Techniques, Spectroscopic Techniques, Manometer Techniques, Immunochemical Techniques, Enzyme Technology.

 

References

 

  1. Williams, B. L and Keith Wilson, 1983. A Biologist Guide to Principles and Techniques of Practical Biochemistry.
  2. Clark, M. J ((Jr.) and R. L. Switzer, 1977. Experimental Biochemistry.
  3. Refer any Biochemical text.

 

Module No. Bot. 634             Fundamental Techniques in Photochemistry,

                                                Environmental Science, Micro techniques, Plant  

                                                Collection Techniques.

 

Introduction, Extraction of sugars and Their Derivatives, Extraction of Macromolecules, Laboratory analysis of Soil and Sediments, Field and laboratory Exercises in Environmental Sciences, Plant Micro techniques, Plant Collection Techniques.

 

References

 

  1. Harborne, J. B. (1973) Photochemical Methods (A Guide to Modern Techniques of Plant Analysis).
  2. Trease and Evans (1978) Pharmacognosy.
  3. Wratten, S. D. and Gary, L. A. Fry (l980) Field and Laboratory Exercises in Ecology.
  4. Laboratory Techniques in Environmental Science Methods.
  5. U Nyo Maung (1997) Dec., Plant Collection Techniques. Department of Botany, University of Yangon.
  6. U Myo Khin (1999) March., A Field Guide to Plant Collection. Department of Botany, University of Yangon.

 

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